Smile and make vocal sounds, including some consonant sounds.
Respond to vocalizations from others.
Make eye contact.
Imitate simple gestures (reaching, clapping) and facial expressions.
Turn head when name is called.
Attempt to interact with adults by looking, reaching, or vocalizing.
Play social games by taking a turn (e.g., peek-a-boo).
Share attention (e.g., child follows your gaze and looks at something when you point).
Babble and makes sounds.
Copies simple sounds/sound combinations.
Says "mama" or "dada" meaningfully.
Uses gestures to communicate wants or needs (e.g., points, shakes head "no").
Follows simple routine directions with gesture (e.g., follows "give me" when adult holds out hand).
Has one or two "real" words.
Says new words regularly.
Points at something to show others.
Can imitate, or attempts to imitate, new words.
Has five to 10 functional words (Please see the main Language page under for more information about "functional" words under the Vocabulary subheading).
Understands names of common objects in their environment.
Follow simple directions without gestures (e.g., "give the ball to mom" without mom extending a hand or pointing).
Use vocalizations with gestures to communicate (may or may not include real words, but jargon).
Has at least 25 words.
Uses m, p, b, t, d consonant sounds in their speech. (Further information can be found on the main Language page under the subheading Speech Sound Development).
Starts to combine two words.
Points to named pictures.
Starts using three-word phrases.
Imitates words regularly.
Starts asking questions.
Uses different types of words (e.g., labels, names, requests, action words).
Understands differences in size (big vs. little).
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